Can A Portable Generator Power Your Central Air Conditioner?

Portable generators are great for powering little appliances and tools like those used for tailgating or camping.

And that’s all they’re good for, right? Wrong! A portable generator can be a great option for providing backup power to your house in the case of an emergency power loss. 

You may not be able to power everything in your home, depending on the capacity of your portable generator, but you should be able to power the most important things.

In warm weather, one of the most essential items to power is your air conditioner. Can your portable generator power your central air conditioner? Read on to find out.

How many watts does a central AC use?

central air conditionner next to a watt meter

To understand if your portable generator can power your central air conditioner, you first must know the required wattage.

You’ll also need to know both the starting wattage and running wattage capacity of your generator.

If the AC’s wattage is within the boundaries of the generator’s wattage, you should be able to go ahead and safely power your central AC.

For example, let’s say that your AC needs 6,700 starting watts and 6,000 running watts while your generator offers 9,375 starting watts and 7,500 running watts. Your generator would be able to power your AC because the wattage required is within the bounds of the wattage available.

However, you also need to consider whether you need to power anything else concurrently.

In this example, you’ll still be left with 2,675 watts. That may be enough to power a few other things, like an energy-efficient refrigerator and a sump pump.

It probably won’t be enough to power absolutely everything in your home, though.

Starting Watts VS Running Watts

When trying to decide if your central AC and your portable generator are a good match, the most important number to pay attention to is the starting wattage.

Most central ACs need a pretty significant wattage for starting up, sometimes more than 1,000 watts over the running watts needed.

It’s vital that your generator can handle the starting wattage.

If you’re not sure what wattage your AC requires, look at the unit’s nameplate or check with the manufacturer.

It’s of paramount importance that you never just guess or assume what the wattage is. If you try to power something that has a bigger need than your generator can handle, you’ll risk overloading it and potentially causing serious damage to anything plugged into the portable generator.

Worst case scenario, an overloaded generator could even result in a fire.

Make sure you know that your generator can handle it before attempting to power your central air. 

Average Central Aircon Wattage?

You’ll see a really wide range of wattage for central AC units.

Energy efficient units, even large ones, may need as little as 2,000 watts while really large older units with less efficiency may need up to 10,000 watts.

There’s no one answer here. It doesn’t matter how many watts your friend’s air conditioner uses or how many watts the internet tells you is the average.

The only numbers that matter are the exact numbers for your specific unit.

Take the time to get this right or you could end up seriously regretting it.

Which portable generators are powerful enough?

For most central AC units, you’ll need a generator with quite a bit of power.

This is especially true if you want to power more than just the AC unit. Here are three good options:

Champion 7500-Watt Dual Fuel Portable Generator with Electric Start

Just like our hypothetical example earlier, this generator offers 9,375 starting watts and 7,500 running watts. That’s enough power to handle most central AC units.

It’s a dual fuel unit that runs on either gasoline or propane and it has a convenient electric start.

It has a volt guard so you’ll be safe charging your cell phone or laptop at the same time that you’re running your AC without risk of damage to these sensitive electronics.

It has a gauge to help you monitor the power output to make sure you’re not pushing it beyond its limits.

For its size and capacity, this generator is also remarkably quiet at only 74 dBA.

Pulsar PG10000B 8000-Watt Dual Fuel Portable Generator

This dual fuel generator is a bit pricey but it offers more power. With 10,000 starting watts and 8,000 running watts, it’s prepared to handle even really large central AC units

In many cases, this capacity means that you will be able to power the entire home.

You should for sure have enough power to run several major home appliances at once.

It has an electric push-button start and it’s fully RV-ready if you want to sometimes take it on the road.

You’ll be able to use it power a window AC in your RV if desired.

You get as much power with this portable as you get in many stationary home standby backup generator units but with all the conveniences of a portable. 

Briggs & Stratton 30545 P3000 PowerSmart Series Portable 3000-Watt Inverter Generator

This generator is a bit more affordable but that comes with less power. With 3000 starting watts and 2600 running watts, it probably doesn’t have enough juice to power a central AC unit for a huge home. 

That said, it should have enough to power a smaller central AC system.

It’s designed to be fully portable with wheels and carry handles so you can bring it along for camping and tailgating when not using it at home for backup power.

This is another RV-ready unit and it has enough power to start up most window AC units for RVs.

A little display screen keeps you apprised of the power output and other relevant stats. 

This unit is parallel-ready, so if you buy two of them, you can hook them together and double your power.

Depending on the wattage needs of your air conditioner, you’ll also be able to charge your cell phone at the same time with the convenient USB port.

How about a window unit air conditioner?

Typically, a window unit air conditioner will take less power than a central AC unit.

The math, though, is exactly the same.

You need to find out both the starting and running wattage the air conditioner needs and check to make sure that fits within your generator’s capabilities. 

For example, let’s say your window AC needs 2,000 starting watts and 1,500 running watts and your Yamaha EF2000iSv2 generator offers 2,000 starting watts and 1,600 running watts.

That’s just enough power for you to run your window AC unit.

You won’t be able to power much else in the home but your window AC should work just fine.

If you instead used the Champion 3400-Watt Dual Fuel generator with its 3,400 starting watts and 3,100 running watts, you would have enough power to run your window AC as well as a few other things. 

The numbers in that example were on the high side for window AC units. Many smaller window air conditioners only need 500-700 running watts.

This means that even the smallest capacity generators should be able to handle the AC’s load.

Even the Sportsman 1000-Watt Inverter Generator with its 1,000 starting watts and 800 running watts would be up to the job with a little room to spare to power something else.

No matter the size of your AC unit, though, it’s important that you know the actual numbers and don’t just guess or assume.

You can generally find out the necessary wattage for your AC in the manual, on the unit’s nameplate, or by searching the model number online.

Don’t rely on estimated or average numbers. Find out the exact number or you may regret it.

Conclusion

When you lose power during hot weather, the two top priorities for most people are running the refrigerator and the air conditioner. Whether you have a central AC or a window AC unit, you should be able to power them with your portable generator.

However, it’s absolutely vital that you make sure of this before trying it.

You need to know both the starting and running watts the AC requires and you need to make sure those numbers fit within the generator’s starting and running wattage capacity.

When you want to run more than just the AC, you’ll need to also add in the starting and running watts of whatever else you want to power.

Let me know in the comments if you have any questions about powering an AC unit with a portable generator!

10 thoughts on “Can A Portable Generator Power Your Central Air Conditioner?”

  1. What is the most reasonably priced efficient back up home generator to install (not portable ) and expected price range to have installed. Is propane or natural gas recommended?

  2. I have a Generac 8000 with 10000 start up watts. My home is an older home that was built with no central air. Was added later and the wiring was not able to be done through the switch box but done externally below the meter. I measured the run amps of my system and the largest of 5 measurements was 19 amps. The start up amps measures 25 amps. From those stats, I believe my generator is more than adequate. Check me please.
    With all that said, my question is can I use an exterior transfer switch such as Reliance CSR302 or one similar. The reason I ask is I am not able to find an exterior t-switch that list central a/c as a use.
    Your article was extremely informative, thank you.

  3. Dennis did you ever look at a GenerLink Transfer switch, plugs into where your meter goes and then your meter hooks to that. Little pricey but solves the problem

  4. i am trying to figure out the correct generator for my needs.
    I am looking to power our home in case of emergency (hurricane, occasional power outages only, and would like to be able to run the central ac unit (3 ton) in our home.

    i would prefer a dual fuel inverter generator, for efficiency, versatility and quieter operation, but it does not look like inverter units are available in larger sizes needed to power a full size home a/c unit.

    My question is: could i use a 3500Watt inverter unit to run constantly for selected non-a/c circuits and a second similarunit to run only for 4-8 hours when i need to run the a/c. I dont think I would need to run the 2nd unit more than 12 hours/day here in North Carolina, to cool off our home.

    I am thinking of using an interlock switch for both generators, one for a/c only.

    What are your thoughts on this? think this will work ok?
    many thanks for your input.

  5. My standup portable a/c is pulling 8.5 amps running and 9.75 LR or Startup Amps. I have a WEN 1250 surge, 1000 watt running generator. It runs it but sometimes the compressor just barely kicks the generator into overload mode. I really like this small quiet generator and have no need to run other appliances at the same time. Could I use a “line interactive UPS” to handle the brief surge requirements? Once the van cools down the total compressor running time is greatly reduced so I’m sure I could do a deep cycle battery plus inverter (and a battery charger) to cover excess energy demand for the first 30 minutes of a/c cooling but I just wonder if a good UPS could accomplish the same thing with less complexity?

  6. Have a whole house 14kw Kohler with Load Shed – when I upgraded my central AC from 3 to 4 ton I had a problem with AC startup dropping out all on Load shed and almost stalling compressor. I bought a good meter with “in rush” detection which allowed me to check start up draw on compressor – start up current was 101 amps yes 101 amps. Started researching how to deal with this AC and Generator issue and after many online searches found Hyper Engineering’s SureStart soft start module. Had my AC tech install and my “inrush” current dropped to 25 amps….from 101 amps to 25 amps was almost unbelievable, I live in FL and AC runs almost constantly and module has been in for a year. Generator does a full load 20 minute run test every week and I AC / Generator / Load Shed works like a charm.

  7. I’m trying to figure out the correct generator as backup power that will run my furnace { 66k-70k BTUs } or a 3 ton A/c plus additional small house appliances.

    Currently looking at an 8000 watts portable generator with a 10K starting watts.
    Will the 8000 unit run a Lennox EL16XC1S036-230b03 / 3.0 ton A/C unit including the 1/2 HP blower motor?

    The worse power outage we had was three days during the winter.

  8. That is very informative.
    We have a Genset rated at 300Kva as backup for our church power which also use to run 2 unit of 50Tonnes (100Tonnes) Centralize AC.
    WE recent change our AC to 4 unit Inverter Type rated 25HP each (100HP)
    My concern is will running an AC on a Genset damage an Inverter Type AC?
    Thank you.

  9. we are now sourcing air conditioner with generation to be used for military tent , tent area 75 sq.m that need air conditioner with generator around 10 -20 ton to cover all inside area.

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